Ziro is a census town in Lower Subansiri district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. In a meeting of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) on 12 December 2002 it was shortlisted for inclusion in the Tentative List for further nomination to UNESCO for inscription in the World Heritage Site. The part of the town which is the centre of economic activities and where the administrative offices are located is called as Hapoli or locally known by the Apatanis as "Hao-Polyang".
Ziro is around 115 km from the state capital Itanagar and takes approx. 3 and a half hours via the improved Hoj-Potin road along NH229 and 150 km via the Assam route. Earlier the nearest railway station from Ziro was located at Naharlagun in Arunachal Pradesh near the Arunachal-Assam border which is around 100 km from Ziro. The nearest airport to the settlement is Lilabari, in North Lakhimpur district of Assam (India).
The climatic condition of the district varies from place to place as well as season to season. The climate is largely influenced by the nature of terrain depending upon altitude and location of the place. It may broadly be divided into four seasons in a year:
The cold weather season is from December to February
March to May is the pre-monsoon season of thunderstorms
The southwest monsoon from June to about the middle of October
The second half of October to November, which constitutes the post-monsoon or the retreating monsoon period and is a period of transition
In the foothills or low high belt area of the district, the climatic condition is moderate in comparison to high belt areas, where during winter it is very cold and chilly, and in summer is pleasant. December and January are generally the coldest months, and July and August are warmest months.
Annual rainfall in the south is heavier than that in the northern areas of the district. During the monsoon period, more than 70 percent of the rain over the southern half occurs while in the northern portions it is about 60 percent. Variability of rainfall for the monsoon and the year, as a whole, are relatively small. Average annual rainfall of the district headquarters, Ziro recorded as 934.88 cm during 2000.
The relative humidity is always high throughout the year except in the winter months being slightly less humid. In the cold season, the sky is obscured on many mornings due to lifted fog which clears with the advance of the day generally, moderately clouded in the period of March to May, heavily clouded to overcast in the monsoon season and clear or slightly clouded during the post-monsoon season. Winds are generally light strong katabatic winds down the valleys are experienced as the local effect produced by the nature of the terrain.
Places to travel in ZIRO.
Tarin Fish Farm - Paddy cultivation
Paddy cultivation is a major occupation in Ziro. Here, two different varieties of rice are grown with one variety of fish in the water. Bamboo and Pine trees surround the paddy fields. Each component of this cultivation has a role to play - just like in coffee plantations.
The high altitude Tarin Fish Farm is located in Ziro valley, Arunachal Pradesh, where the Aptani tribes practice the paddy-cum-fish cultivation and farming.
The place is surrounded by pine and bamboo groves and is situated in the Bulla village inhabited by Apatani tribes. The unique procedure of paddy cum fish cultivation is one of the major attractions of Ziro. In this process, two crops of rice (Mipya and Emoh) and one crop of fish (Ngihi) are raised together. Tarin Fish Farm is approachable only by Trekking and best traveled in the springtime. The farm covering an area of 7.4 hectares of land, was established under NEC in 1985-86. There are 74 ponds for fish breeding, out of which 46 are nursery ponds, 16 are rearing ponds and 12 are stocking ponds.
The ridge of Kile Pakho is arranged 7 km far from old Ziro. The spot would amuse nature lovers for the picturesque beauty it brings to the table. Hop on the ridge and you could have Ziro’s fabulous perspectives on one side and snow clad Himalayan mountains on the other side.
It is a high hilly point in old Ziro from where visitors have an amazing and a clear view of the entire plateau on one side and the snow clad mountain ranges of Himalayas that is known as Nyime Pembu, on the other side.
This point is a major tourist attraction that is also a photographer's delight.
Meghna Cave Temple:
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located close to Ziro. The 10 minutes climb up the stairs is completely worth it when you reach the 5000 year old structure at 3000 feet above sea level.
The carvings are magnificent and the architecture great. Truly an uplifting journey when you visit this temple.
Meghna Cave Temple is a beautiful place to visit for worship. Dedicated to Lord Lakulisha who was the 28th embodiment of lord Shiva and you will find some detailed carvings of Sanskrit scriptures with magnificent and great architecture. This temple is a must visit attraction located in a beautiful valley in Arunachal Pradesh Ziro. This tourist spot is an ancient cave temple that dates back to 5000 years and the cave temple was discovered during the year 1962. Ever since, this place sees people coming from all direction for a pilgrimage tour. This popular tourist attraction Meghna Cave Temple sits at an altitude of 300 feet which gives a stunning view of the surrounding mountains, dense evergreen forests and swiftly flowing rivers. This is undoubtedly the best destination to visit in Arunachal Pradesh that gives the onlookers lush greenery giving you the most wonderful experience. In fact if you wish to experience a grand festival then you can visit Meghna Cave Temple during Maha Shivratri that happens during the month of February.
Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary:
Talle Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in Arunachal Pradesh, India, with an area of 337 km2 (130 sq. mi). It was established in 1995. It ranges in elevation from 1,200 to 3,000 m (3,900 to 9,800 ft) and harbors subtropical and temperate broadleaved and conifer forests. Mammal species present include clouded leopard, Malayan giant squirrel, Indian muntjac and Asian palm civet. The 130 bird species observed in spring 2015 included black eagle, collared owlet, golden-breasted fulvetta, scarlet minivet, Verditer flycatcher and Mrs. Gould's sunbird .
Ziro Music Festival
Ziro Festival of Music is an outdoor music festival held in the Ziro valley in the northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It showcases the independent music scene in India. The festival was founded in 2012 by Bobby Hano and Menwhopause guitarist Anup Kutty, and has featured artists like Lee Ranaldo, Steve Shelley, Damo Suzuki, Shye Ben Tzur, MONO, Divine, Louw Majaw, Sha'air n Func, Indus Creed, Peter Cat Recording Co, Menwhopause, Guru Rewben Mashangva, and Barmer Boys among others. The festival is spread over four days and is hosted by members of the Apatani people in Ziro.
Ziro Festival is noted to be one the most eco-friendly festivals in India employing locally sourced material for the infrastructure. The festival has two stages, Donyi (Sun) and Polo (Moon), constructed by local artisans and made almost completely of bamboo. This is inspired by the animist Donyi Polo faith prevalent in the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. The festival has a zero plastic policy and encourages attendees to be responsible for leaving behind no waste. Entry tickets to Ziro Festival of Music are available on the festival website. All non-Arunachali Indians need an Inner Line Permit and foreigners need a Protected Area Permit to enter Arunachal Pradesh. These are available at state tourist offices in all major Indian cities. You can also directly buy them there en route but, only if you reach early enough. There are also some government entry permits required to visit Ziro Valley. These permits can be obtained from state offices in Delhi, Guwahati and Tezpur. Be prepared for all such stuff.
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